I am Salvatore Siringo, a Sicilian Urbanist, with a specific interest for Migration phenomena, informal settlements and urban regeneration.
I have got the Master Degree in Urban planning at the University of Palermo (2021) and currently i'm a Ph.D student in Architecture, Arts and Planning at the University of Palermo.
My research interests develop in the areas of urban and territorial planning and planning for local development, environmental sustainability and equality
The phenomenon of migratory flows, which has been recorded exponentially in Europe for over twenty years now, and which has recently reached its peak also as an effect of the political and economic instability of North Africa and the Middle East, has represented - and continues to represent - an element of great change in the European social framework. Compared to the aforementioned scenario, the phenomena of globalization, the recent socio-economic transformations and those of the labor market, as well as the enlargement of the European Union to the Eastern countries, are at the basis of the convergence of an articulated system of interdependent factors that they determine the continuous change of relations between countries of origin and countries of destination of migratory flows (Lo Piccolo and Todaro, 2021).
In the last fifty years, many European regions of the Mediterranean area, historically considered areas of origin of international migratory flows, have been transformed into places of welcome (King, 2000). At the base of this mobility there is, among the many factors, the demand, by a variable and globalized economy, for "easy" labor, mostly made up of new immigrants (Ambrosini and Abbatecola, 2004; Sacchetti, 2011) , instrumental to that particular economic system (Berlan, 2008; Clark, Drinkwater and Robinson 2013; Keskinen, Norocel and Jorgensen, 2016).
Analyzing the spatial dimension of the phenomenon, which shows the inadequacy and insufficiency of reception places, the increase in evacuation phenomena, as well as the post-Covid exclusion and marginalization effects whose territorial scope at the moment we can only hypothesize (Prencipe and Sanfilippo, 2021), we are undoubtedly facing a significant increase in the phenomenon of informal settlements both in the urban and especially in the extra-urban area. In this sense, the recent results of the investigations conducted in Italy in the urban planning field on the territorial distribution of the foreign population in extra-urban contexts show how the traditional attention paid to urban contexts has left a relevant field of investigation uncovered (Ponzo, 2017).
The research intends to demonstrate how the presence of migrants is not exclusively an urban fact, but increasingly assumes an extra-urban territorial dimension, generally less known and, therefore, little investigated (Balbo, 2015). The validity of this belief can be traced first of all to the possibility that the extension of the research field to extra-urban contexts calls into question the analytical-interpretative categories traditionally referable to the urban sphere, posing new challenges for planning.