Oluwole Daramola had his BSc, M.Sc. and PhD in Urban and Regional Planning, all from Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria in 2006, 2011 and 2015 respectively. He is currently a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Environmental Design and Management, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria, where he has been lecturing for more eight years, after he had a stint in private planning practice. His research interest mainly lies in urban studies, environmental management and community participation. In these areas, he has published more than 30 articles in books, journals and conference proceedings.
My research works mostly focus on urban environmental management with particular reference to community participation (a bottom-up approach), with the aim that urban environmental management can only be sustainable when the primary stakeholders (the community people) are considered in terms of their perception on (awareness of and responses to) and involvement in the issues of concern in the urban environment. In these areas, he has published more than 30 articles in books, journals and conference proceedings.
The study examined the socio-economic characteristics of residents in different residential zones of Ibadan metropolis; evaluated the level of availability of environmental sanitation facilities and services in the study area; examined residents’ level of environmental sanitation awareness and practices at household and community levels in different residential zones of the study area; and identified and examined the factors influencing the level of environmental sanitation practices in different residential zones of the study area. This was with a view to evolving policy responses that will enhance environmental sanitation practices in Ibadan metropolis.
Ibadan metropolis was divided into municipality and less city. The municipality was stratified into three residential zones: core, transition and older suburb while the less city was identified as newer suburb. Three local government areas (LGAs) were selected out of the five in the municipality since all the three residential zones were represented in each of the selected three LGAs. Also, three LGAs were selected out of the six in the newer suburb. One ward was selected in each of the three municipal zones (core, transition and suburb). In newer suburb, one ward was selected in each of the sampled three LGAs. Thus, nine wards and three wards were selected in the municipality and the less city respectively making a total of 12 wards. Every 20th residential building was selected giving a sample size of 1,283. Also, 41 out of the total 108 registered landlords’ associations in the study area were randomly selected with questionnaire administered on the heads of the selected associations in the study area. Data collected were analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics such as cross-tabulation, Chi-square, ANOVA, factor analysis and regression analysis.
The study revealed that variation existed in income (F= 54.332; ρ<0.001), household size (F= 148.125; ρ< 0.001) and daily per capita water consumption (F=47.691, ρ< 0.001) across the residential zones of the metropolis. Also, significant association existed between the residential zones and quality of water available (χ2=38.284, ρ< 0.001), type of toilet used (χ2=364.652, ρ< 0.001) and availability of wash-hand basin in the toilets (χ2 = 111.799, ρ< 0.001). The computed Residents’ Awareness Index (RAI = 3.35/5) revealed that residents were fairly aware of environmental sanitation, especially through the conduct of the mandated monthly environmental sanitation exercise. Using factor analysis, six determinants of environmental sanitation practices were generated. These were availability of environmental sanitation facilities, participation in environmental sanitation exercise, environmental sanitation awareness, agreement with environmental sanitation exercise, residential characteristics, and socioeconomic characteristics. Using these as predictors, the results of the multiple regression analysis revealed that participation in environmental sanitation exercise was the major determinant of environmental sanitation practices in Ibadan metropolis (R2 = .971) while other five predictors explained little variation in environmental sanitation practices (R2 = .08).
The study concluded that environmental sanitation in Ibadan metropolis was mainly an exercise rather than a practice.