Profile of Miss Mariana Reis Santos École des Ponts ParisTech/LATTS

Mariana Reis Santos

I am an urban land governance specialist and researcher with a background in architecture and urbanism. My expertise includes but is not limited to tenure systems and property rights, land markets and finance, and land, water, and natural resources management. Recently, my work concentrates on understanding the impact of long-term planning practice and discourse on the development of housing and public transit infrastructure in the rural-urban regions of Paris and Rome.

General research interests

Inclusionary policies, urban land policies, municipal finance, housing and, local and regional planning strategies that boost social equity.

PhD/Postdoctoral Research Title

TOD-generations in context. Driving forces and environmental effects of regional planning in the long-term (ongoing)

PhD Abstract

Rural-urban sprawl is one of the biggest challenges to achieving sustainable development in Europe and abroad. As processes like sprawl and densification intertwine with transport infrastructure development, discussions on mobility are now on the rise, primarily in metropolitan regions like Paris and Rome, where development historically concentrates around transport infrastructures. With varying levels of success, many attempts have been made to encourage the use of sustainable means of (private and public) transportation. In this context, the exploration of Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) seems to be promising. Accordingly, this research will measure the effects of generations of planning practice and discourse on the development of the Rural-Urban Regions (RURs) of Paris and Rome. Specifically, it will analyse the interactions between housing and public transit infrastructure development in these locations from the 1960s until the present day. To perform this analysis, this study will compare and contrast new developments with earlier experiences for identifying continuities and changes. Then, it will evaluate the influence of the notions of compactness and density for reducing sprawl. And finally, it will assess whether the intentions behind planning practice and discourse in these areas were successful, and pinpoint the driving forces behind such outcomes. The results of this research will challenge the undifferentiated model approach of current TOD practice, and develop context-specific criteria to trace and harness interactions between urbanisation and mobility within RURs in Europe and elsewhere.