Federico Camerin (1989), city planner, obtained in 2014 an Inter-University-Programme Graduate Degree in “City and Environment: planning and policies” which included a European postgraduate degree in “Planning and Policies for Cities, Environment and Landscape” at Università IUAV di Venezia (Italy). awarded in 2014-15 and 2016-17 with two “Urban Planning” fellow research grants at Università IUAV di Venezia (Italy), double PhD degree (2020) within the European Joint Doctorate urbanHIST awarded by UVA Universidad de Valladolid-ETSAV Departamento de Urbanismo y Representación de la Arquitectura (Spain) and Bauhaus-Universität Weimar-Fakultät Architektur und Urbanistik (Germany).
My research interest focuses on the European city-making process starting from the late XIX century onwards, the dismissal-regeneration of military real estate assets, mega events and urban transformation, and the role of star-architects in the built environment management. Nowadays, I am also interested in solutions and strategies tackling urban inequalities to uphold the recent “right to the ‘healthy’ city”
The thesis concerns a work of urban history intended not to describe the city but rather to interpret it. By doing so, I have interpreted the city by means of the role played by the so-called ‘great property’ in the European city-making process during the last three decades of the 20th century, specifically focused on the concrete case of military properties in Italy. I have also considered the role played by other kinds of great properties, i.e. industries and railway, which previously acted in the production of the built environment in a different way respect to the military one. As all of them have as common denominator the fact of being ‘capital in land’, I analysed great industrial and railway properties in order to extrapolate a methodology which helped me to interpret the relationship between military properties and city-making process in Europe in the late 20th century.
I have analysed the relationship between the capital in land and the city-making process on the ground of the understanding the interrelation between the great property, the urban development, and the agents involved in the urban and territorial planning. Here I have showed that urban planning is not the decisive factor influencing the city-making process, but instead the power held by the capital in land. I have found that is the great property the trigger of the creation of new ‘areas of centrality’ intended as large areas for consumerism. As far as the role played by great property is concerned, I have also discovered that it has evolved over time. Originally, industrial and railway properties have been regenerated into a wide range of new profit-driven spaces; successively, I have found out that most of the regeneration of military premises aimed to materialise areas of centrality. The way of interpreting this factor has been based on focusing my attention on the military premises in Italy: I have classified their typology when they have been built and, most importantly, when they have been regenerated into new areas of centrality.