Profile of Mrs Wakhidah Kurniawati Diponegoro University

Wakhidah Kurniawati

I am a lecturer of Urban and Regional Planning Department, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University. Now, with scholarship from Directorate General of Higher Education, Ministry of Education and Culture of Indonesia, I am studying in Doctorate Program of Faculty of Architecture of TU Darmstadt, Germany since Summer Semester 2014. My focus study on Urban Design, Urban Studies, Heritage, especially on Public Space and Environment Behavioral Studies.

General research interests

I am interested in many various interest, from planning theory, urban design, urban studies, heritage resiliency, until human aspects in urban form. My focus research is about human interaction and fairness in public space.

PhD/Postdoctoral Research Title

Urban Equity in Public Space

PhD Abstract

Public space is important element in the city since Greek and Roman periods. Based on the history of public space, there were agora and forum. These public spaces function not only as gathering space, community actualization, but also, as symbolization of the city. How the city give the citizen’s right. The successful of a public space very depend on how far the public space can accommodate to society requirement. Accommodate to its consumer whoever: old and young, big and small, man and woman, and others. Everyone has the same right to access public space.
In development country, like Indonesia, the urban equity problems of urban space are increasingly complex. The problem of the marginal, the forgotten, the silent, and an undesirable people as well as other social issues are clearly unresolved in the master plan of the city. "Cities for the Citizen '(Douglas & Friedmann, 1998) serves a slogan. As another Asian’s public space, every historical city in Java Island Indonesia has public space that located at traditional Javanese city center. The traditional public space’s name is alun-alun. Alun-alun is a square surrounded by mosque, offices, and market. As a square, alun-alun becomes a gathering space in daily and a festival space in seasonal. There are many activities there, like: sekatenan (in Yogyakarta and Solo), ceremony, sport, music festival (in Semarang), mosque activities, and others. Actually, everybody can participate in this space. It is free and sometime no charge. But, the problem is there is no enough public space’s equipment to everybody, like disabled, elderly, children, and pregnant woman and also breastfeeding mothers. There is no clear zone for hawkers so that they occupy pedestrian ways. And there is no restricted zone for undesirable people like homeless/street people with the result that safety image degradation in this place. So, there is no clear equity space in this public space.
Based on the rational background above, this research want to know how the equity in Indonesia’s public space especially for marginal people and marginal uses?
The research aim is to formulate the urban equity in Indonesia’s public space. The formulation can be achieved by comparing traditional and modern public space in Indonesia. This research attempts to combine both quantitative and qualitative methods. The quantitative methods will be used to identify the characteristic patterns of traditional and modern public space in Indonesia. The qualitative methods will be used in order to capture existing urban equity phenomena in both traditional and modern public space. This research need to understand the existing conditions and expectations about the real conditions that can reflect equity aspect in public space.
The objectives are to analyze the urban equity forms in traditional public space and to analyzing the urban equity forms in modern public space; after that is to compare the pattern of urban equity in traditional and modern public space; and finally formulating the types of urban equity forms that emerge in Indonesia’s public space.
The expected results are the patterns of urban equity in Indonesia’s public space. This pattern mapping can be composed of a zoning area for every marginal activities and uses.