Profile of Mr Ramesh Pokharel University of Amsterdam

Ramesh  Pokharel

I did my undergraduate in civil Engineering from Tribhuvan University Nepal. After more than 8 years of experience in infrastructure management practice, I did master in transportation planning from The University of Tokyo Japan. Before Joining PhD in Amsterdam, I taught in Tribhuvan University, Nepal and worked for the government in infrastructure planning and policy sector for 4 years.

General research interests

The impact of transport infrastructure investment in regional economic development in the perspective of developing countries.

PhD/Postdoctoral Research Title

Transport Investment and Regional Economic Development: A Developing Countries' Perspective

PhD Abstract

This research aims to focus on transport investment impact on regional development in the context of developing countries. Developing countries are facing unprecedented challenges these days. On one hand, in more urbanised areas; massive rural-urban migration, rapidly growing city size and increasing incomes explode travel demand, which current transport infrastructures are not able to accommodate. On the other hand, in more peripheral areas where any transport means like roads are yet to be connected, people are increasingly struggling to get access to the food, health, education, other basic services and markets. As a result of this specular dynamics, urban or semi-urban areas are enjoying the economic growth, attract people and private investment but rural areas feel the stagnation or in some places economic declining. Therefore, regional income gap also becomes severe. Both the pace and scope of these processes are reminding but of a quite different intensity from an early stage of developed countries.

In light of these aspects, an interesting question is whether and how transport investment might be an effective instrument to establish connectivity in peripheral areas and manage mobility in urban areas. Which may also facilitate to reduce the regional disparity and address the food insecurity problem. Conceptually, this research aims to explore how evolutionary theory can help explain the complex mechanisms (underlying structure) of these processes. Practically, this research aims to develop tools to evaluate the impact of different types of infrastructure (road, rail etc.) and actual timing of investment on regional development and draw implications to developing countries. The research will integrate theories of evolution, economic geography, transport and regional development, urban and regional planning and employ various methods (e.g. case study, statistical analysis, system dynamics modelling, field observations). Finally, the research will also generate new insights for transport planning (types of transport infrastructure, the actual timing of investment) in the national/regional level network.