Hi, my name is Laksmi T. Darmoyono. I'm a PhD student in University of Groningen (RuG). My dissertation research is discuss value capture for infrastructure development in urban region in Indonesia.
I do hope by becoming Young Academic member, I could meet new friends and exchange knowledge regarding planning system in Europe and exchange experience with Indonesian planning system.
Thanks and nice to meet you all.
My research interest are in urban design, planning, infrastructure finance and development, urban politics, and institutions. I begin to like urban planning when I was worked as a planner assistant in Indonesia. Then I studied about urban planning. Now I'm a PhD student in Planning department at University of Groningen and doing a research concerning financial alternatives for infrastructure development in Indonesia. Although It is hard to seek possibilities between corruption problem, institutions fragmentation, etc, but I believe this research will be able to give perspective on the on going debates about infrastructure finance and development in Indonesia.
Transition from centralization to decentralization in local government institutions create problems in rule of law, political decision, policy, finance, bureaucracy, etc. Worse, this condition also not follow by strong institutional mechanism to control in local government. Those problems make difficulty to manage urban development such as infrastructure development. Regarding that, this research will search possibility to consider institutional design as the main approach. It will be use to understand problems between institutions and also actors in local government that give influence to infrastructure development. Perception from these actors are important to understand institutional process.
In planning, infrastructure development give big impact to land-use planning and urban form. Such as demand to change land-use and zoning from housing to commercial in area close to infrastructure development. Generally, investment in new infrastructure improve accessibility and property values. This link between infrastructure investment and property values offers a legitimate opportunity for public agencies to negotiate with property developers to finance part of the infrastructure costs or take on added, usually non-profitable projects (Darmoyono and Woltjer, 2009). Regrettably, only few of local government have ability to capture it value.
Institutions play important role to develop stability in society because mostly it discuss about rules between human interaction in society which influence by economies and politics. To support this research other theories and approaches that will be use are in politic (urban politic theory), economic (financial institutions and public choice theory), and historical approaches. Institutional design must be appropriate basically just where the institutions in view have intentionality at their core (Goodin, 1996). The institutionalist perspective shifts the focus from planning as an individual of interpersonal activity, to viewing planning as an aspect of governance (Healey, 1987, pp. 218-220 in Alexander, 2007). This view implies a broader vision of planning and its relevant contexts than one limited to public planning and focusing on the state (Alexander, 2001a, pp. 1-4 in Alexander, 2007).
Institutional design in economic will discuss about economic transition in government institutions and society in order to develop economic efficiency. This research also will seek for social choice through political process in government institutions and bureaucracy. Expectantly, clean and effective governments can reinforce effective infrastructure development in urban area. While in politic, institutional design will discuss about interdependency in government institution from political insularity which relate to economic development, urban planning, and community in order to make value capture approach work.
INVALUE will be clarifying the notion of value capturing for the institutional development of three fields: infrastructure, water supply management, and regional governance. Activities employed includ a study on linkages between infrastructure and land value and on tools for value capturing in the Indonesian context (including case studies, databases, and interview reports), and the distribution of policy recommendations. The results will assist in unlocking capacities needed to serve urban regions with good transportation and tapped water, in the context of infrastructure development planning and regional governance.
The goal from this research is to develop new institutional design approaches in local government institutions in the perspective of politic and economic in order to develop ability to financing infrastructure development through value capture.
After a lot of protests, fragmentation threat, and dissatisfaction in equitable development to the centralistic system from local governments in...