Profile of Miss Jieun Cha UCL

Jieun Cha

General research interests

Housing, Housing Policy, Regeneration, Immigration and Planning, and Urban/Planning theory

PhD/Postdoctoral Research Title

A Flexible Response to Housing Pressure Created by Temporary Immigrants in a Global City, London

PhD Abstract

This study aims to understand socio-demographic complexity stemming from temporary immigration under the condition of globalization and to explore the responses of local governments to the challenges in planning for housing created by the ebbs and flows of temporary immigrants in London. This aim breaks down into the following questions: Why is international (temporary) migration such a critical element in producing ‘global cities’ and their socio-demographic features challenges? What challenges have been faced in planning for housing in relation to the characteristics and features of temporary migration? How has the state (Central/Regional/Local) in Britain responded to the challenges created by an increase in (temporary) immigrants in terms of how it plans for housing provision? And what are the limitations and barriers existing for local government to respond to the challenges under the present planning system and policy (for housing)?
These questions can be addressed in a programme of research underpinned with four objectives. Firstly, this study explores the causes of an increase in the number of temporary immigrants in the recent trends of international migration and the characteristics of temporary immigrants. Features of globalisation, such as advanced information and transportation technologies, the globalisation of labour markets, the expansion of an immigration industry, the development of social networks, and changes of immigration policy and legislation, have all lead to massive increase in international migration moving into developed countries and even few cities being labelled ‘global city’, ‘world city’ and ‘gateway city’. While there has been a great deal of research on permanent migration, temporary migration has received less attention. However, in recent year, with an increase in the numbers of temporary immigrant in particular since the EU enlargement, the contemporary population trends and socio-demographic features in England have deepened a complexity, and it has become a critical factor causing the socio-demographic complexity in England by their numbers, features and diverse compositions.
The changes of the socio-demographic features require how housing is planned for to cope with the challenges produced by the influx; therefore, this study identifies challenges in planning for housing created by the features of temporary immigrants, which is uncertainty, diversity, and social cohesion due to their uncertain periods, diverse characteristics, and residence status. Shifts of population and socio-demographic features have been an essential factor in planning (for housing), and population projection has been conducted on a trend-based system in England. This is essentially based on the assumption supported by rationality that the population, social structure, and all activities are all interlocked within some place (cities or local) and time, and the assumption that the present trends based on the past data would continue for the future. Mobility has become the new paradigm in the era of globalization and is breaking with the past assumption.
Therefore, the study looks at the nature of planning and housing policies to cope with the challenges in England and London. Local government, which is directly affected by the global phenomenon (an increase in temporary immigrants), are required rethinking the past planning approach and responding to the challenges. It is because of that unless they deal with the changes and challenges, they cannot resolve the existing problems and the possible problems in the future. It, of course, is applied to planning for housing. Within the UK, London, where has been a chronic shortage of housing, has experienced the great flux of temporary immigration as a global city, and London boroughs have been faced the challenges in planning for housing to handle the pressure on adequate housing supply and to meet the different requirements of diverse people in the fluid situation. Thus, this focuses on national planning system, England and London planning policy for housing to examine whether these have leaded local authorities to deal with the challenges and provide basis for the changes in planning for housing in practice.
Lastly, this study will examine the responses of London boroughs to the fluidity in the existing situation with housing pressure and the barriers of the boroughs in responding to the situation. For exploring this, case study in 2-3 London boroughs based on the planning and housing policy analysis and immigration data will be conducted with semi-structure interview.

Latest deposited documents

A Flexible Response to Housing Pressures Created by Temporary Immigrants in a ‘Global City’, London
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A Flexible Response to Housing Pressures Created by Temporary Immigrants in a ‘Global City’, London (June 2010)

This study aims to understand socio-demographic complexity stemming from temporary immigration under the condition of globalization and to explore...

The Letter of Introduction image
The Letter of Introduction (January 2010)

My research is comprised of three stages. Stage 1 is purposed to explore the causes of a flux of temporary immigrants in global city and impact of...

Abstract image
Abstract (January 2010)

This study aims to understand socio-demographic complexity stemming from temporary immigration under the condition of globalization and to explore...