Profile of Mr Ersan Koç Kocaeli University Department of Architecture

Ersan Koç

PhD in City and Regional Planning, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Science METU - Ankara, Turkey, Bachelor degree Department of City & Regional Planning from METU Faculty of Architecture, DCRP Ankara, Turkey

General research interests

urban policy, disaster mitigation, resilient cities, strategic planning, urban art, social media, conflict management and dispute resolution

PhD/Postdoctoral Research Title

COMMITMENT BUILDING FOR EARTHQUAKE RISK MANAGEMENT: RECONCILING “STAGNANT LOCAL CAPACITIES” WITH “GOVERNMENT AGENCIES” FOR EFFECTIVE EARTHQUAKE RISK MITIGATION

PhD Abstract

To a large extent, natural phenomenon like earthquakes, floods, lanslides and etc may seem “natural events” which are out of human control. In fact, the sociopolitical structure is the main cause of earth tremors which turn into disasters. What is notable and striking is that, because of institutional and social vulnerabilities and little or misguided efforts for disaster loss mitigation, natural events may turn into disasters resulting negative and devastating consequences. Institutional vulnerabilities connote a lack of local administrations’ capacity for disaster mitigation planning, furthermore awareness for accreting local stakeholders for disaster loss reduction. Social vulnerabilities, refers to miss-knowledge and lack of awareness for disasters in the society. In Turkey, it is hard to say that there has never been efforts for disaster loss reduction, whereas; the main focus of the state agencies has been on post-disaster emergency relief, literally wound healing for decades. Generally speaking, localities which experience a disaster may encounter significant losses in development, hence a significant decrease in local capacities which takes enormous resources to restore. The housing stock and urban fabric, which inherit an historical background weaved by miss-guided disaster policy that only focus on post-disaster emergency relief phase, pictures the extent of the problem in Turkey. In addition, both “institutional errors which lead to underachievement in disaster policy and practice” and “opportunities for building robust and resilient forms of institutions” come into local agenda. Errors, which might have been altered by long term and comprehensive modes of local planning for disasters, may lead to underachievement by local agents. To achieve such a model, we are in need to carry out qualitative and quantitative data collecting and analyzing techniques in different phases. The two analysis techniques are in-depth interviews (IDI) and drawing Concept Maps that will be conducted in the analyses process with local respondents selected by snowball technique.