(January 2010) The Research on the Intensive Land Use for Rural Areas

The Research on the Intensive Land Use for Rural Areas image
Land is the base of space and is a nonrenewable resource. But nowadays, especially in China, rural areas face great challenges about land-use conflict between cities and countries. The spread of urban takes up more and more construction land and farmland in countryside, but the land isn't fully used and leads to the waste of land. Furthermore, the way of using land in rural settlements also reduces the efficiency of land use.

Therefore, the research on the intensive land use for rural areas is meaningful to realize the justice between cities and countryside, to guide the development of rural regions, to settle down the confliction between limited land source and growing population, and to carry out scientific conception for development.

The paper focuses on the intensive patterns of land use in rural areas. At first, the author constructs the three-layer index system (target layer- criterion layer-indicator layer) with Multi-factors Evaluation Method to evaluate the intensification level of rural land use from the aspects of compactness of rural settlements layout, intensity of investment in land for construction, construction land use intensity, and production rate of construction land. And then takes Tongli, a Chinese town in the south of Jiangsu Province, as an example and commits it to the index system to evaluate its land use intensity and classificates the evaluation results.

Then the author tries to analyze the effecting factors from the aspects of economy, population, construction and planning. At last, propose the planning strategies from different levels.

With the view to favoring operation, the paper also focuses at implement mechanism and process. Implementation of these strategies is faced with a number of restrictions, including shortcoming of land system, land distribution mechanism and the registered permanent residence between countries and cities, under which the planning implementation would be put into troubles. At the end of the article, the author makes politic suggestions on land, house sites, registered permanent residence, and public participation, promoting the intensive land use actively.

But there are still many open questions, such as how to choose the evaluation factors more accurately, how to judge the importance of effecting factors, how to make the implementation more fluently and etc.