(October 2012) Spatial Resilience Concept
The aim of this research paper is to evaluate spatial areas according to their resilience to energy crises. Resilience is hereby defined as the ability of a region to withstand possible arising shocks (e.g. as a result of peak oil) by maintaining the basic functions of the energy system or by being able to stabilize system processes within a given timeframe (cf. Birkmann, 2008).
To be able to adequately submit decisive proposals for the comprehensive resilience of regions, it is necessary to differentiate between four spatial archetypes that proved to be useful in integrated spatial and energy planning (cf. Stoeglehner, Niemetz & Kettl 2011; Stöglehner, G., Narodoslawsky, M., Steinmüller, H. et al., 2011): cities, suburban areas, small towns, and rural areas. These four types of spatial structures have different starting positions, requirements, and adaptive capacity for sustainable energy systems and resource management. For example, cities have a high efficiency potential due to high densities, a mix of functions and nearness. In contrast, rural areas might not become as energy efficient as cities, but have a much larger renewable resource potential to supply not only their own population, but also the urban dwellers. Subsequently, all four categories in turn are measured on the basis of six different criteria to identify their resilience: efficiency, exposition, diversity, redundancy, strength, and ability to learn (cf. Godschalk, 2002). This survey outlines the resilience of the respective spatial structures.
A thorough literature research on resilience with regard to spatial concerns will be conducted and will form the basis of this working paper. This guarantees that existing research on this topic has been considered while simultaneously expanding the resilience debate by looking at new approaches such as integrated spatial and energy planning. The final part of this paper comprises a complex and comprehensive concept in order to identify and explain spatial aspects of energy resilience.
Spatial Resilience Concept von Susanna Erker und Gernot Stöglehner steht unter einer Creative Commons Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 3.0 Unported Lizenz.