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Bosnian-Herzegovinian cities, today still divided due to the ongoing internal ethnic discord, are in a strong need for revitalization, preferably along the line of sustainability. Mostar is a city in Herzegovina that through its history endured several transition processes. Between 1945 and 1992 the city developed under an umbrella of Socialism, was destroyed during the Yugoslav Civil War and is today undergoing a slow process of transition to liberal democracy. Thesis will focus on the latest changes in Mostar brought by the war that came in many forms, but most importantly in physical forms produced as a product of a new urban regime. 

The main argument is that the war was a catalyst for a change in urban regime (an external shock that caused community collapse, decay of urban planning done by the city, corruption of public power for private and personal gain, etc.) where private companies and international community took on a role of a planner, due to weak city planning initiatives. This is evident in the business sector, where companies set standards for reconstruction, but also among the international community that in the period following the Dayton Peace Agreement invested into symbolic urban structures, which failed to repair the process of urban management. 

Thesis will tackle the following questions:

a. When did urban regime change, what initiated it, and who is the responsible planner (pre- and post- regime change)?

b. Was sustainability a criterion in urban planning process pre- and post- regime change? 

The main aim of thesis is to analyze structural processes of a regime change, with secondary focus on sustainability in order to give content to planning processes. In order to analyze how sustainable development was represented in the urban regimes before and after the war, thesis will take a closer look at three sites: Boulevard of People's Revolution - the main transit artery, which has served as a line of division between Croats and Bosniaks, Aluminum Factory, and Rondo - a cultural monument of zero-category. United Nation's Sustainable Indicators will be used to assess sustainability of the sites to discover if and how sustainable performance changed in last twenty years. To establish the condition of urban planning, thesis will use primary and secondary data collected through mixed research methods and detailed research of published literature. Secondary documentary material data collection includes descriptions of relevant realized and planned projects, academic papers, books and spatial plans. Primary research methods will include ethnographic field research and in-depth interviews. 

This project is important in that Mostar has not been analyzed through lens of sustainable urban planning, nor in terms changing urban doctrines that govern reconstruction and planning of the city. Thesis will culminate in studying how can current regime evolve into a more sustainable one and how the city can challenge an existing system - a study that, if successful, can provide a model of sustainable planning that can reach across previously at-war hostile territories, which will be relevant beyond this specific region. 


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