Event paper Deposited for RESILIENCE, in Abstracts


Development of Polish cities can be compare with living system. Two phases can be recognize here - from 1989 to 2004, when systems where growing in organic way (creation of strong network of connection between their small elements on the city and region scale) and period from 2004 (accession to UE), when "invasive specious" appears and begin to outs "local specious" and enfeeble local connections. In this period city development becomes more political and economical issue. From one side it allows better circumstances for concurrence on international scale, but from the other side it decreases resilience of a system on local scale and this process progresses.

Case study of Wrocław

City development can be evaluate from two perspectives: social system conditions (local scale) and place marketing [Szromnik, 2010] (in terms of global economy/network society [Castells, 2011] and position of the city on global scale, here as a part of UE, on the national scale - macro economic factors and the local scale - city and region conditions). The case of Wrocław is good example of achieving goals according to the second issue. New public investment are correlated with national policy and establish conditions for foreign investment, which cause increase of quality of life (in certain area), which suppose to attract qualified labor. From the other side direction of this growth (type and location of new investment) seems to change patterns of life and functional structure of the city. Development oriented on qualified labor (small group of society) takes place on areas, which are easy to invest on and not in the places, which suit the best for new purposes. This alter working of the system and enforce functions which impair a local system's resilience. It can be recognize as collapse of local economy and connections between city and the region, due to lack concurrence possibility of local enterprises with multinational corporations. This development is oriented on reach group of people and ensure their quality of life, but "victims" of this growth are the poorest citizens. Second group is also affected by decrease of work place according to shift in economy. In a way the poor pay also for the new public investment (increase of rents in social buildings belonging to the city, etc.). This group of people also enforce this situation for example buying in discount chains instead of local shops, but according to macro economical factors (low level of minimal wage in Poland), this is only way to survive for this groups of society.

The article is attempt to compare possible development of the city on abandoned areas located close to city center and their potential of shaping resilience of local system (on city and region scale) with actual city development trends (new investments, changes of spatial functional structure and influenced by this pattern of citizens' lifestyle ), where better prepared, to the concurrency in global economy conditions, foreign investments plays similar role to "invasive specious".


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POLISH CITIES AS LIVING (SELF-DESTRUCTIVE) SYSTEMS) by Konrad Lewacki is licensed under a Creative Commons Uznanie autorstwa-Użycie niekomercyjne-Bez utworów zależnych 3.0 Unported License.