(February 2012) Legitimation of interventions in historic city areas: the case of the well–preserved Ystad
This study investigates the discursive practices that work to authorize and legitimize particular meanings and modes of conservation activities in historic city areas. Despite democratic governance attempts to employ "inclusive" conservation, certain groups' discursive and physical heritage become projected at the expense of others, albeit in a legitimate manner. It is argued that discursive struggles in heritage practices are historically rooted, producing spatial and social consequneces that are often overlooked in policy discourses and documents. Methods of discursive analyses are employed in Ystad, known as one of the best preserved historic towns in the Scandinavian countries. Study findings showed that Ystad has become "well-preserved" because it was not allowed to change. While "well-preserved" embraces protected materiality, it does not necessarily mean sensitive attention to local values and cultural qualities.