(April 2012) Integrating Rickshaws with Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Systems in Developing Cities
In recent years, many cities (i.e. Delhi, Manila, Dhaka, Jakarta) have tried to restrain rickshaws either for reducing congestion (smooth flow of motorized traffic) or enhance the city image. Rickshaws are ‘green vehicle' and might be able serving as feeder service to public transport if planned properly. Many cities both have implemented BRT systems, while others are planning to do so. Several modern BRT systems (i.e. Bogota, Guangzhou) have modal integration with bicycles; however, there is no BRT system in the world which yet demonstrates integration with rickshaws.
With the case study of Dhaka City, the research explores if the rickshaws can serve as a feeder service of BRT systems and what type of design for BRT station could assist for such in the rickshaw cities by providing easy, convenient, fast and safe transfer between rickshaws and BRT systems. The participatory research methods and qualitative approach had been applied to fulfil the research aims. A total of 11 focus group discussion (FGDs) in a form of participatory action research (PAR) and 25 interviews of the key informants had been conducted. The research output will provide a plan of BRT station which is able to integrate rickshaws in terms of modal changes and fare. Thus, the outcome could be helpful for other cities having rickshaws that have (or planning for) BRT systems. As the research is ongoing, just finished data gathering, this paper explains only the research methods applied for data gathering and the initial findings.